Worker Misclassification

The Internal Revenue Service has announced a new program to help employers resolve misclassification of employees.

The program is voluntary and is designed to be simple and involve a low cost to the employer.
To be eligible, an employer:

l Must have consistently treated workers as non-employees.
l Must have filed required Forms 1099 for the misclassified workers for the past three years.
l Must not be currently under audit by any federal or state agency concerning classification of the workers in question.

To participate in the program, the employer files Internal Revenue Service Form 8952. The employer should file the form at least 60 days before changing its classification of the workers in question.

If an employer's application is accepted, it must pay an amount approximating just over one percent of the wages paid to the reclassified workers during the past year. The employer will not owe interest or penalties and the Internal Revenue Service will not audit the employer's payroll tax returns related to the workers in question for earlier years. However, the employer will, for the first three years of participating in the program, be subject to a six-year statute of limitations on payroll taxes, rather than the usual three-year statute of limitations.

IRS Announces New Voluntary Worker Classification Settlement Program; Past Payroll Tax Relief Provided to Employers Who Reclassify Their Workers
IR-2011-95, Sept. 21, 2011

WASHINGTON – The Internal Revenue Service today launched a new program that will enable many employers to resolve past worker classification issues and achieve certainty under the tax law at a low cost by voluntarily reclassifying their workers.
This new program will allow employers the opportunity to get into compliance by making a minimal payment covering past payroll tax obligations rather than waiting for an IRS audit.
This is part of a larger “Fresh Start” initiative at the IRS to help taxpayers and businesses address their tax responsibilities.
“This settlement program provides certainty and relief to employers in an important area,” said IRS Commissioner Doug Shulman. “This is part of a wider effort to help taxpayers and businesses to help give them a fresh start with their tax obligations.”
The new Voluntary Classification Settlement Program (VCSP) is designed to increase tax compliance and reduce burden for employers by providing greater certainty for employers, workers and the government. Under the program, eligible employers can obtain substantial relief from federal payroll taxes they may have owed for the past, if they prospectively treat workers as employees. The VCSP is available to many businesses, tax-exempt organizations and government entities that currently erroneously treat their workers or a class or group of workers as nonemployees or independent contractors, and now want to correctly treat these workers as employees.
To be eligible, an applicant must:

  • Consistently have treated the workers in the past as nonemployees,
  • Have filed all required Forms 1099 for the workers for the previous three years
  • Not currently be under audit by the IRS
  • Not currently be under audit by the Department of Labor or a state agency concerning the classification of these workers

Interested employers can apply for the program by filing Form 8952, Application for Voluntary Classification Settlement Program, at least 60 days before they want to begin treating the workers as employees.
Employers accepted into the program will pay an amount effectively equaling just over one percent of the wages paid to the reclassified workers for the past year. No interest or penalties will be due, and the employers will not be audited on payroll taxes related to these workers for prior years. Participating employers will, for the first three years under the program, be subject to a special six-year statute of limitations, rather than the usual three years that generally applies to payroll taxes.
Full details, including FAQs, will be available on the Employment Tax pages of, and in Announcement 2011-64.



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